Greenwich Millenium Village-District

Urban Precinct

 

Smaller areas of cities and new, mostly residential areas on the edge of city.

  • Business – Commercial Districts
  • “New-towns” –in-town
  • Campuses
  • Suburbs
  • Streets
  • .

Greenwich Millenium Village

Greenwich Peninsula is an area of South London, England.The first Millennium Village is an example scheme in the creation of sustainable new communities. The Village, which is located on the eastern side of Greenwich Peninsula, is being developed by Greenwich Millennium Village Limited. The Village is an ambitious mixed-use development with high levels of design innovation and energy efficiency.

Greenwich Peninsula
Greenwich Peninsula

Architects 1997 – 1999: Ralph Erskine Architect and Planner in collaboration with SSARK, Ahlqvist & co and HTA
Architects 2000 – : Erskine Toavatt, later Toavatt Architects and Planners
No. of units: 2.520
No. of parking: 1.500
Commercial and retail: 5000 sqm
Site area: 30 hectare
Building costs: £300.000.000

greenwich 2

Master Plan

The Masterplan was created by Ralph Erskine.Erskine’s vision for the Village is to create a vibrant new community that works for people and where the pedestrian has priority over the car. In urban design terms, the Village reintroduces the London square to create streets and public spaces that are human, lively, intimate and secure. The Village itself is built around and overlooks an Ecology Park, created by English Partnerships, now the Homes & Communities Agency.

greenwich masterplan
greenwich masterplan

The plan for the peninsula also includes 50 acres (20 hectares) of parkland, an ecology park, a commercial area, housing, and the opening of ultra-modern transport links to central London.

The plan for the peninsula

The plan for the peninsula 2

  • The Greenwich Millennium Village Materplan on the Greenwich Peninsula presented many key principles to create a mixed sustainable community together with an ecology park.
  • The Greenwich Millenium Village model for a walkable mixed use development thinking as a pioneeting example of enviromental

Greenwich Millenium Village Site Plan

Project data
Client: GMVL
Architects: Broadway Malyan
Completion: 2013
Value: £280m

GMV covers 72 acres of the 300 acre peninsula and is grouped into smaller communities arranged around the Southern Park with its village green, ecology park and newly created lake. Green corridors connect the Village to the River Thames and the rest of Greenwich Peninsula.

Greenwich Peninsula.

At the moment there are 1,095 homes, together with a number of shops and commercial units. When the development is completed it is expected that there will be an additional 1,800 homes alongside commercial space and community facilities.

A generous water-feature fronts the apartments.
A generous water-feature fronts the apartments.

The mixed-tenure community includes a social and community facilities, including a school and health centre, restaurants, workshops, and a new eco park, as well as other open spaces.

greenwich3

 

  • Greenwich Millennium Village is setting new standards for environmentally sustainable development. Over the lifetime of the project, the aim is to achieve:
  • 80% reduction in primary energy consumption
  • 50% reduction in embodied energy
  • 50% reduction in construction waste
  • 30% reduction in water use
  • 30% reduction in construction costs
  • 25% reduction in project duration (construction time)
  • GMV has won over thirty awards including, the Evening Standard New Homes Award (highly commended), the Brick Award for decorative brickwork, the Civic Trust Award and the CABE Building for Life Gold Award.
  • Greenwich Millennium Village is being built using advanced technology and adhering to current best practice in the construction industry.
  • The UK’s first EcoHomes rating of ‘excellent’, due to its use of energy saving measures, resulting in lower bills for residents. The buildings are being made from materials that are environmentally sustainable. Recycled and locally produced materials are being used whenever possible. By maximising off-site prefabrication and by segregating and recycling materials significant reductions in construction waste are being made.

Conclusion

Greenwich Millenium Village has got neighbourhood and district features

  • A variety of dwelling types
  • A well-bounded area
  • Communal facilities at the core
  • Walking distance from the periphery to the core

Greenwich Millenium Village is a successful partnership formed with the London Borough of Greenwich.It has a positive impact on residents and has a high quality external design – elevations, street spaces and green spaces.So people can live  high quality live conditions in GMV

Case studies: City square of Cieszyn, Český Těšín and Çayyolu

Case studies: City square of Cieszyn, Český Těšín and Çayyolu

Introduction

Case studies are usually used to describe and diagnose single, internally complex objects: individuals, buildings, episodes, institutions, processes, and societies. In case studies investigators delineate boundaries of and object and then observe such things as the elements it comprises, relations among elements, the development of the object, and contextual influences. A case study is appropriate when researchers are interested mainly in information specific to the particular study object and context, rather than information easily generalizable to a large population.

The study objects of this thesis are three main squares in two different countries: the main square located in the city centre of Cieszyn in Poland and the main square in city of Český Těšín in the Czech Republic and Çayyolu square in Turkey.

 

 

 

 

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AMSTERDAM

 

Amsterdam is called by some the “Venice of the North”.   Its 62 miles of concentric canals mean that more than 400 bridges are needed to connect its radial streets. The city’s distinct character comes from a history of deliberate city planning, the inherent difficulty of developing land below sea level, and successful resistance to large scale redevelopment such as the construction of  boulevards in 19th century Paris.   The city has gone through a unique and unusually distinct series of expansions as its merchant economy boomed requiring more ship berths and warehouses and its population increased -demanding more space for housing.

 

The first half of the 17th century was a period of relatively slow population growth in Amsterdam – with an increase from roughly 200,000 in 1800 to 224,000 in 1849 – and there was little building activity. In the middle of the century the structure of the town was still much as it had been at the end of the 17th century. The sanitary problems were appalling, not least because refuse was tipped into the canals; alarming reports were as frequent here as in other cities. In 1848 the town’s defensive function was abolished.

 

A remarkable initiative, without immediate parallel in other capital cities, was made by Samuel Sarphati, a doctor who hoped – with a mixture of commercialism and social commintment that was typical of the times – to create a kind of model district. In 1862 he produced a plan; its principal focus was to be a Paleis voor Volksvlijt surrounded by green areas. Land was also reserved for commercial operations and residential facilities. The well – to – do were to live on their own in the series of short blocks while others would be housed in the row of long blocks.

 

The Pleis voor Volksvlijt was built between 1857 and 1864 as an exhibition hall in iron and glass, inspired by the Cyristal Palace in London. But apart from this Sarphati’s project was dogged by difficulties, not the least of them financial. The privately owned land quickly rose in value and no resources were available to acquire it.

 

Sarphati had imagined a large axially designed park area on both sides of the Amstel; this was reduced to park occupying the equivalent of two blocks in a somewhat more westerly site, the present Sarphatipark.

 

In the middle of the 1860s, J.G. van Niftrik, the city engineer, undertook to produce a plan by government. This was ready in 1866 and was printed the following year. In the plan the old polygonal town is surrounded by a belt of built-up areas. To the west of the Jordaan – the old workers’ district – an area of workers’ housing was envisaged, and next to it an extensive are reserved for factories. A broad belt of  parkland was to seperatethe workers’ district from the next residential area, intended for the middle classes.

 

Van Niftrik’s project was a little old fashioned for its time. He was more interested in architectural effects than in the urban function. A tree-planted ring road runs through the new districts but is too narrow to function efficiently as a traffic artery. The planned segregation and poor are to some extent reminiscent of Castro’s proposal for Madrid, although the latter appears more carefully worked out.

 

Another major objection concerned the location of the railway station, which it was felt would impoverish the old central area around and north of the Dam Square. Another advantage of this location was that the station would be close to the harbour, where a boom in traffic was expected the follow the completion of the North Sea Channel.

 

Thus van niftrik’s plan was rejected, but rapid expansion of the town during the 1870s – the population increased from approximately 224,000 to 511,000 during the second half of the 19th century – made some sort of plan necessary, and this time the task went to J. Kalff.

 

In dividing the planned area into streets and blocks, the greatest possible attention has been paid to existing ownership boundaries and ditches. The green areas have practically disappeared, and no attempt has been made to locate different functions in seperate parts of the urban area.

 

Kalff’s plan seems more concerned to synthesize developments that were already under way. Most of the buildings are blocks of flats of a fairly simple standard, built by speculators.

 

Last quarter of the 19th century a number of street improvements were carried out in the medieval centre of Amsterdam, with a view to preserving the attraction of the area for commercial activities. Amsterdam possed a unique advantage in being able to creat new and surprisingly  broad streets without extensive demolition, simply by filling in the canals.

 

Compared with the 17th century urban development project, the 19th century planning appears half-hearted and marginal, paricularly the plans of expansion. Compared with most other capital cities, too.