THE GREEK REVOLUTION IN PHILOSOPHY

THE GREEK REVOLUTION IN PHILOSOPHY

 

Between the sixth and fourth centuries BC, some ideas were transformed about art, architecture, cosmology etc. from the Greeks. These are workings to improve life standarts and fine arts. Moreover the Greeks invented the democracy and worked on science and all of them composed the characteristics of the Greek revolution.

 

Greeks’ differences are in terms of breaking tradition, looking for reason, not thinking the world in an abnormal abstract way and finding science. I think we can say the Greek revolution is an awakening for the true facts of reality and this is the description of the Greek revolution.

 

Thales(630 BC-545 BC) the Ionian philosopher is so important person for revolution because he offered the first material description of nature by reducing all physical objects and events to one material cause.His world idea’s elements are body, soul and mind. The comments of Thales’ cosmology about the relationship between man-nature & body-soul and mind.

 

The distinction of Pythagoreans is about soul’s place in the material world. Pytagoras (?572BC-?497BC) is a philosopher who improved a distinction. His new distriction which named ‘malter and form’ in geometry.

 

Socrates’ student, Plato, improved a view into a complete system of philosophy. Plato’s idea is comprising with Heraclitus’ and the sophists’. His world description consisted of  two things-an existential realm of physical objects & the realm which can be seen with the senses-.He also thought to find connection between the mind and the forms in the human soul.

 

Aristotle (384BC-322BC) has been known as Plato’s student and workings about to solve the problems of the theory of ideal forms. His study type is considering true knowledge to be knowledge of form just like Plato.

 

In conclusion, all of these philosophers’ workings and thoughts are even nowadays in our lifes and another thing is Aristotle and Plato has some same thoughts however they have got differences. In one of them you can find yourself and see the ideal seems of the world and the other you can see the more down-to-earth realities.

 

 

 

 

 

SOURCES

  • M. Gelnter. Sources of Architectural Forms. pp: 44-54
  • B. Russel. History of Western Philosophy. pp: 3-301
  • B.Magee. The Great Philosophers. Dialogue 1(Platon) and Dialogue2(Aristotle). pp: 12-54