Empiricism and The Priority of Sense
Empiricism in natural science: According to lots of natural scientists Empiricism suggested a method that was more related to their interests in sensory nature. Francis Bacon leaded this and in contrast to Earlier Empiricists he considered mind as a passive which took the knowledge from outer world. In addition, for Bacon, the method of science could not be deductive just because deducing laws could not point out the Truth. Instead, the seekers after Truth must be familiar with facts. What is more, he had a hypothesis which explains what the causal factors might be by which the scientist cut through mass of data required by inductive method.
On the other hand, Isaac Newton did not accept this hypothesis. According to him, hypothesizes had no place in experimental philosophy. Moreover,Newtonthought that laws were induced from the particular phenomena under exploration and produced an abridged expression. This view ofNewtonwas very effective conception of science in the history of West. However, this view ran counter to the scientists’ behaviors. Additionally,Newtonasserted that the data could present its own regularities. However, Popper maintained that without a theory of what to look for, the data could not exist.
For the last thing, the laws which were generalized did not follow from the relations in the raw data as much as the relations followed form the new hypothesis.