Housing role as a Social Status Identifier
Social class is a concept that has been discussed and argued about throughout the ages. Many different theories exist concerning a workable definition. The basis often used for describing social class comes from nineteenth-century German theorist Karl Marx. He believed in a three-class system consisting of capitalists, workers, and petty bourgeoisie. Since then, sociologists have provided new conceptualizations of social class. These conceptualizations include social class as more than just an economic measure. Many define social class as more of a social status, meaning people in a specific class share similar experiences, background, and position in society. Other factors that influence social class rankings are occupational prestige and general opinion of others in the community. The concept of social status from German sociologist Max Weber is used by a number of American sociologists when explaining social class. Weber saw property, skills, and education all contributing to the concept of social class. His view is similar to and sometimes used interchangeably with socioeconomic status.
Housing can be seen as a specific focus of class relations in an ongoing struggle between social classes. And Social identity stresses that individual behavior reflects individuals’ larger societal units. This means that overarching societal structures such as groups, organizations, cultures, and most important, individuals’ identification with these collective units guide internal structures and processes. Cultural competence lies at the heart of this theory because collective group membership influences and frequently determines individuals’ thoughts and behaviors. For example, most residental neighborhoods of central cities decline in alternativeness in relation to their suburban offer newer houses, lower densities, easier movement and more exclusive socioeconomic enviroments that many households seem to prefer if they have the financial means to avhieve them but the finance is not only one thing that people choose to place where they live but also quality and biggness, type, location, envorimental specalities is important too.
Thesedays, house might use as “Social Status Identifier” beacuse of that sometimes people ignore finance , house type etc… beacuse house mostly use for to change their status so even if their needs is not require such house type people can buy to unnecessery house paying too much money. For example in İstanbul , Nişantaşı is prestige place to people so people can effort morely to have a house there. When if effortable house might be %40 of income , they venture to pay %40-60 or much more to have a house in Nişantaşı.İn fact Capitalism use housing like a tool to provide the cash flow beacuse of that so many times most important thing is the change value of housing not use value. If we can look at the todays trends we can see more clearly, Such as Agaoğlu residence , it is showed us like a speacific and important thing to stay there and some famous people bought house there so other people to struggle to buy house there beacuse they want to have same social status with that people. Even if there are a buildigng in front of the ağaoğlu residance which have same feature , people dont choose to buy that They pay much more money and stay other recidance to cahange the social status by housing. Capitalism do not use the same housing type to socail status it might be change country to country or culture to culture. For example , todays Turkey tredns is skyscapers so it is an atractive point to capital but it might be single houses in Unitated states and USA. The actual aim of the Capitalism is the concuption beause of that Capitalism use the social status to increase the concuption . And it create a product then there should be a costumer so using the social status is the most effective and faster way to sell it.