Third World Urbanization
To begin with, althoughAmericais a country that is well-developed there are also some problems like unemployment or educational problems occurring. On the other hand, inequality causes some similar problems in Asia, Africa andLatin America.
Chancing Perspectives on the Third World Urbanization:
To compare the development processes ofAmericaand third world countries, whileAmericais being improved in an industrial way, the third world countries are being developed primitively. For example,New Delhiand Sao Paolo are some examples of this development. These types of cities are developing with just industrialization and this cause uneven development.
What is more, ecological and sociospatial theories are approaching this topic in different ways. For example, to ecological approach, developing countries are chasing well-developed countries. However, to sociospatial approach urbanization in developed countries based on the capital investments.
Lastly, third world countries have sources that are used byAmerica. This is called “Fordism”. This concept disappears in 1970s. Many workers who are American are shifted to these countries. As a result,Americasupplies lots of needs with the help of these countries.
Demography and Third World Urbanization:
For the first thing, the factors such as, migration, birth rate and death rate are the natural effects that chance the population. In developed countries there is a remaining increase. Because after world War 2 health techniques are improved and in this way the death rate is decreased. However, while doing this the birth rate does not chance. On the other hand, this population change occurs in third world countries because in these countries the birth rate is higher than the death rate. This rate difference causes some problems such as, homelessness, unemployment and food problem. The other result of population increase is colonialism. The powerful countries control the third world ones and use the sources of them.
Primate City Development Process:
To start with, primate cities are the biggest cities at least three times the second biggest. The population of these cities is based on immigration. In addition to that, to sociospatial approach, growing of primate cities has nothing to do with poor countries. The urbanization is not the consequence of a better quality of life but the result of global capitalism. However, to ecological approach, primate cities can help the poor ones. If these poor ones can reach them, they can have a better quality of life.
Firstly, it can be said that there is a good economy in shantytowns. Because there are many workers live in these places. Nevertheless, these shantytowns are a threat for the government.
What is more, for the third world countries shantytowns are good places for little plants. Especially, in recent years the companies in shantytowns supply people to communicate with other companies. As a result of this, the possibility of having a job increases. Shantytowns are also the suitable places for workers to find a house. With the help of this, economy gets into action because of house need.
The Informal Economy and Coping Strategies:
For the sociospatial approach, society is got together of groups and individuals. However, third world countries are not only combined with these classes but also with households. Relatively, household is combined of home or sharing foods. However, there are some differents between these people.
To illustrate, poor people are trying to find a way to help people related and near them. However, there are both negative and positive dimensions of that. To get over this, they produce food. Even some time people appeal to illegal ways to get money.
Briefly, market economy has a result informal economy. The jobs related to this economy are not safe but increasing around the world without stopping.
Urban Social Movements and Politics:
To begin with, due to increasing in the number of shantytowns and uneven development people do not trust the government anymore. Social movements support them to deal with effects of politics. Relatively, these movements also affect the global economy. For example, in third world countries, workers are formed of different classes. Lastly, on the other hand, the global economy affects the social movements, too. To illustrate, third world countries are controlled by this global economy.
Sources: Mark Gottdiener, The New Urban Sociology, 1994, pg: 249–270, McGraw-Hill Inc.