MILTON KEYNES

MILTON KEYNES

   Milton Keynes, in Buckinghamshire, is Engaland’s largest new town and it was designed in 1967. It is about 79 km north-west ofLondon and it is the administrative centre of the Borough of Milton Keynes.  The population of the Milton Keynes assumed that about 250 000.  It was designed as a new town in 1967. Since 1970, it has been Englands fastes growing city.

The new town was generously aalocated 9 000 hectares of north Buckinghamshire to house the incomers who would make up the population of the city. Whilst the target population of Milton Keynes had been revised 200 000 by 1992 and 2009 population about 241 000  with almost all the increase arising in the urban area.

The new city’s designed area 88.4 km2 and the name Milton Keynes was taken from the existing village of Milton Keynes on the site. The site was deliberately located equidistant from London, Birmingham, Leicester, Oxfordand Cambridge with the intention. And it would be self sustaining and a major regional centre in its own right. Planning control was taken from elected local authorities and delegated to the Milton Keynes Development Corporation (MKDC).  The Corporation’s strongly modernist designs featured regularly in the magazinesArchitectural Design and the Architects’ Journal.

The area that was to become Milton Keynes encompassed a landscape that has a rich historic legacy. The area to be developed was largely farmland and undeveloped villages, but with evidence of permanent settlement dating back to the Bronze Age. Before construction began, every area was subject to detailed archaeological investigation: doing so has provided a unique insight into the history of a large sample of the landscape of south-central England.

Urban design: 

–          Grid squares, Milton Keynes Development Corporation planned the major road layout according to street hierarchyprinciples, using a grid pattern of approximately 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) interval, rather than on the more conventional radial pattern found in older settlements.

–          Roads and cycleways, Roundabout junctions were built at intersections because the grid roads were intended to carry large volumes of traffic: this type of junction is efficient at dealing with these volumes. Also, There is a separate cycleway network (the “redways”) that runs through the grid-squares and sometimes runs alongside the grid-road network. This was designed to segregate slow moving cycle and pedestrian traffic from fast moving motor traffic.

–          Height, The original design guidance declared that “no building [be] taller than the tallest tree”. However, the Milton Keynes Partnership, in its expansion plans for Milton Keynes, believes that Central Milton Keynes (and elsewhere) needs “landmark buildings” and has lifted the height restriction for the area. As a result, 14-storey buildings have been built in the central business district.

–          Linear parks, The original Development Corporation design concept aimed[15] for a “forest city” and its foresters planted millions of trees from its own nursery in Newlands in the following years

References

  • British Planning , 50 years urban and regional planning by Berry Cullingworth
  • Miton Keynes, Image and reality Terence  Bendixon and John  Platt
  • A social history of Milton Keynes, Mark Clapson
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Keynes